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ERIC Number: EJ947896
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Rational Action Selection in 1 1/2- to 3-Year-Olds Following an Extended Training Experience
Klossek, Ulrike M. H.; Dickinson, Anthony
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v111 n2 p197-211 Feb 2012
Previous studies failed to find evidence for rational action selection in children under 2 years of age. The current study investigated whether younger children required more training to encode the relevant causal relationships. Children between 1 1/2 and 3 years of age were trained over two sessions to perform actions on a touch-sensitive screen to obtain video clips as outcomes. Subsequently, a visual habituation procedure was employed to devalue one of the training outcomes. As in previous studies, 2- and 3-year-olds chose actions associated with an expected valued outcome significantly more often during a subsequent choice test. Moreover, analysis of children's first responses in the post-devaluation test revealed evidence of rational action selection even in the youngest age group (18-23 months). Consistent with dual-process accounts of action control, the findings support the view that the ability to make rational action choices develops gradually. (Contains 3 figures and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A