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ERIC Number: EJ947892
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Knowing Minds, Controlling Actions: The Developmental Relations between Theory of Mind and Executive Function from 2 to 4 Years of Age
Muller, Ulrich; Liebermann-Finestone, Dana P.; Carpendale, Jeremy I. M.; Hammond, Stuart I.; Bibok, Maximilian B.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v111 n2 p331-348 Feb 2012
This longitudinal study examined the concurrent and predictive relations between executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM) in 82 preschoolers who were assessed when they were 2, 3, and 4 years old. The results showed that the concurrent relation between EF and ToM, after controlling for age, verbal ability, and sex, was significant at 3 and 4 years of age but not at 2 years of age. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that EF at age 2 significantly predicted ToM at age 3 and that EF at age 3 significantly predicted ToM at age 4, over and above the effects of age, verbal ability, and prior performance on ToM tasks. However, ToM at ages 2 and 3 did not explain a significant amount of variance in EF at age 4. Bootstrap procedures revealed that verbal ability at age 3 fully mediated the relation between ToM at age 2 and EF at age 4. (Contains 1 figure and 10 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A