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ERIC Number: EJ947891
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Different Components of Working Memory Have Different Relationships with Different Mathematical Skills
Simmons, Fiona R.; Willis, Catherine; Adams, Anne-Marie
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v111 n2 p139-155 Feb 2012
A comprehensive working memory battery and tests of mathematical skills were administered to 90 children--41 in Year 1 (5-6 years of age) and 49 in Year 3 (7-8 years of age). Working memory could explain statistically significant variance in number writing, magnitude judgment, and single-digit arithmetic, but the different components of working memory had different relationships with the different skills. Visual-spatial sketchpad (VSSP) functioning predicted unique variance in magnitude judgments and number writing. Central executive functioning explained unique variance in the addition accuracy of Year 1 children. The unique variance explained in Year 3 multiplication explained by phonological loop functioning just missed conventional levels of significance (p = 0.06). The results are consistent with the VSSP having a role in the development of number writing and magnitude judgments but a lesser role in early arithmetic. (Contains 8 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A