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ERIC Number: EJ947660
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
Defining Characteristics for Young Children Meeting Cutoff on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers
Kozlowski, Alison M.; Matson, Johnny L.; Worley, Julie A.; Sipes, Megan; Horovitz, Max
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v6 n1 p472-479 Jan-Mar 2012
Early diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) is crucial so that early intervention services, which have been found to best alleviate symptoms of ASD in children, can be implemented. Currently, the "Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers" ("M-CHAT") and the "Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtIsm Traits-Part 1" ("BISCUIT-Part 1") are the most widely researched ASD measures in early childhood. However, the "M-CHAT" provides many false positive results as it is solely used as a screening instrument as opposed to a diagnostic measure, while the "BISCUIT-Part 1" appears to have more diagnostic fidelity. The current study examined 243 toddlers who failed the "M-CHAT" screener and were therefore referred for further evaluation. Upon further evaluation, 141 of the toddlers were diagnosed with an ASD while the remaining 102 were not. Characteristics differentiating these two groups on the "M-CHAT," "BISCUIT-Part 1," and "Battelle Developmental Inventory, Second Edition" ("BDI-II") were examined with analyses supporting the hypotheses that children in the ASD group had higher "M-CHAT" and "BISCUIT-Part 1" scores in conjunction with lower "BDI-II" scores. Based on these results, the incremental predictive validity of the "M-CHAT" was assessed; the "BISCUIT-Part 1" was found to be more accurate in arriving at ASD diagnoses. The implications of these findings are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Battelle Developmental Inventory