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ERIC Number: EJ947649
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
Development of a Critical Item Algorithm for the Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtIsm Traits
LoVullo, Santino V.; Matson, Johnny L.
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v6 n1 p378-384 Jan-Mar 2012
Autism is defined by impairments in socialization, communication, with the presence of stereotyped behavior. It is also associated with various medical conditions, intellectual disability, comorbid psychopathology, and problem behavior. This is a concerning finding in that there may be a true increase in the disorder's prevalence and that it is associated with poor long-term outcomes. Fortunately, effective treatments exist that can alter the course of the disorder if administered early in a child's life. A method to facilitate early intervention is through the early screening of autism with instruments such as the Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtIsm Traits (BISCUIT). The primary purpose of the current investigation was to further develop the utility of the BISCUIT by creating an abbreviated scoring algorithm. Participants included 2168 children ages 17-37 with an autism spectrum disorder or atypical development enrolled in an early intervention program. Discriminant function analysis (DFA) and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were conducted resulting in a 5 item scoring algorithm with comparable diagnostic accuracy to the existing scoring procedure. Implications for these data and directions for further research are discussed. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A