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ERIC Number: EJ947646
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
The Effects of a Conversation Prompt Procedure on Independent Play
Conallen, Kevin; Reed, Phil
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v6 n1 p365-377 Jan-Mar 2012
This study used a multiple baseline design (ABCAD) to determine whether teaching children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) to tact private events would function as a conditioned reinforcer for teaching non-preferred play activities. In this study, 10 children, aged between 5.3 and 8.9 years of age, were taught to tact a set of private events (e.g., fun, bored, easy, hard) after engaging in selected preferred, and non-preferred, play activities. These "typical" language exchanges were built into existing individual activity play schedules, and were designed to prompt a conversational unit after a play period of up to 10 min. This conversational unit was designed to serve as a conditioned reinforcer for the activity under observation. The results show that having access to a set of tacts for putatively private events could function as a conditioned reinforcer when teaching non-preferred play activities, reduced off-task play behavior, while revealing a measurable increase in spontaneous language, emitted both during the targeted play sessions. (Contains 5 tables and 6 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A