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ERIC Number: EJ947513
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0160-2896
Can Fluid Intelligence Be Reduced to "Simple" Short-Term Storage?
Martinez, Kenia; Burgaleta, Miguel; Roman, Francisco J.; Escorial, Sergio; Shih, Pei Chun; Quiroga, Ma. Angeles; Colom, Roberto
Intelligence, v39 n6 p473-480 Nov-Dec 2011
Much is written regarding the associations between human intelligence and cognition. However, it is unusual to find comprehensive studies. Here twenty four measures tapping eight cognitive abilities and skills are considered for assessing a sample of one hundred and eighty five young adults. The simultaneous relationships among fluid, crystallized, and spatial intelligence, along with short-term memory, working memory capacity, executive updating, attention, and processing speed are analyzed using a latent-variable approach. The key findings show that (a) short-term storage, working memory, and updating are hardly distinguishable, and (b) fluid intelligence is near-perfectly correlated with these three cognitive functions. It is concluded that this nuclear intelligence component can be largely identified with basic and general short-term storage processes, namely, encoding, maintenance, and retrieval. (Contains 3 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A