ERIC Number: EJ947275
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
Does Language Testing Need the Native Speaker?
Language Assessment Quarterly, v8 n3 p291-308 2011
Opinions differ on the importance of the native speaker's concept for language teaching and testing. This Commentary maintains that it is important and seeks to explain why. Three types of grammar are distinguished, the individual's, the community's and the human faculty of language. For first language teaching and testing it is the community's grammar that matters, an idealised grammar as represented by the standard language. The native speaker is, it is suggested, a stand-in for the idealisation of the standard language, and since the standard language is the goal for both first and second language education, equivalent control by the second language speaker is a possibility. This Commentary therefore refutes the fundamental difference hypothesis.
Descriptors: Testing, Language Tests, Native Speakers, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Grammar, Standard Spoken Usage, Language Variation, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A