ERIC Number: EJ947036
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Reference Count: 38
"Healthy People" 1980-2020: Raising the Ante Decennially or Just the Name from Public Health Education to Health Promotion to Social Determinants?
Green, Lawrence W.; Allegrante, John P.
Health Education & Behavior, v38 n6 p558-562 Dec 2011
In this article, the authors offer an interpretation of the history of the "Healthy People" initiative showing that the outcomes remain largely the same, with appropriate decennial adjustment of the proliferating numerical targets and increased delineation of objectives for special populations. But the strategies by which those outcomes are to be pursued and achieved are increasingly akin to what contemporaries in schools of public health and other graduate programs in the 1960s and 1970s were being taught public health education or community health education was supposed to do: namely to address not only the individual but also social determinants of health through processes of community mobilization and policy advocacy. The authors also show how the concept of health promotion was defined as an elaboration of the social-determinant dimensions of health education after the Office of Health Information and Health Promotion was created by Public Law 94-317 in 1976, and further elaborated in the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion at the first International Conference on Health Promotion in 1986.
Descriptors: Health Education, Health Promotion, Public Health, Federal Government, Federal Programs, Federal Legislation, United States History, Social Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
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