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ERIC Number: EJ946900
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-1750-8487
Pushing the Child Centred Approach in Myanmar: The Role of Cross National Policy Networks and the Effects in the Classroom
Lall, Marie
Critical Studies in Education, v52 n3 p219-233 2011
In Myanmar schools, rote learning is the norm. International aid and education organisations based in the country have been trying to promote the child centred approach (CCA) as a much more progressive form of teaching and learning. The CCA is being rolled out principally through monastic school networks aided by international and national Non-Government Organisations and commercial teacher training providers and consultants. The interaction between international non-government organisations and non-government organisations, international funding and local monastic schools has created an interesting international and cross-national interagency network. The article is based on original fieldwork research in Myanmar with classroom observations in 11 non-state-sector schools, interviews with 66 teachers and 19 teacher trainers. Focus groups were also held with 58 parents or grandparents across four schools. The roll out of CCA has led to a number of different local reactions. Whilst many will admit that CCA is a "better" approach to teaching and learning, the principal issue identified by teachers, head monks and parents is the fact that this western approach undermines traditional hierarchical structures of respect for teachers and elders, leading to a culture clash at home and in the classroom. (Contains 15 notes, 1 table, and 1 figure.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Burma