ERIC Number: EJ946722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Salivary Cortisol Mediates Effects of Poverty and Parenting on Executive Functions in Early Childhood
Blair, Clancy; Granger, Douglas A.; Willoughby, Michael; Mills-Koonce, Roger; Cox, Martha; Greenberg, Mark T.; Kivlighan, Katie T.; Fortunato, Christine K.
Child Development, v82 n6 p1970-1984 Nov-Dec 2011
In a predominantly low-income population-based longitudinal sample of 1,292 children followed from birth, higher level of salivary cortisol assessed at ages 7, 15, and 24 months was uniquely associated with lower executive function ability and to a lesser extent IQ at age 3 years. Measures of positive and negative aspects of parenting and household risk were also uniquely related to both executive functions and IQ. The effect of positive parenting on executive functions was partially mediated through cortisol. Typical or resting level of cortisol was increased in African American relative to White participants. In combination with positive and negative parenting and household risk, cortisol mediated effects of income-to-need, maternal education, and African American ethnicity on child cognitive ability.
Descriptors: Low Income, Child Rearing, Cognitive Ability, Intelligence Quotient, Longitudinal Studies, Physiology, Correlation, Measures (Individuals), Family Environment, Risk, Parenting Styles, African Americans, Whites, Mothers, Educational Attainment, Parent Background, Ethnicity, Infants, Toddlers, Child Development
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A