ERIC Number: EJ946713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Head-Mounted Eye Tracking: A New Method to Describe Infant Looking
Franchak, John M.; Kretch, Kari S.; Soska, Kasey C.; Adolph, Karen E.
Child Development, v82 n6 p1738-1750 Nov-Dec 2011
Despite hundreds of studies describing infants' visual exploration of experimental stimuli, researchers know little about where infants look during everyday interactions. The current study describes the first method for studying visual behavior during natural interactions in mobile infants. Six 14-month-old infants wore a head-mounted eye-tracker that recorded gaze during free play with mothers. Results revealed that infants' visual exploration is opportunistic and depends on the availability of information and the constraints of infants' own bodies. Looks to mothers' faces were rare following infant-directed utterances but more likely if mothers were sitting at infants' eye level. Gaze toward the destination of infants' hand movements was common during manual actions and crawling, but looks toward obstacles during leg movements were less frequent.
Descriptors: Play, Mothers, Infants, Eye Movements, Infant Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Visual Stimuli, Human Body, Physical Activities, Motor Reactions, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A