ERIC Number: EJ946691
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 77
Differential Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder by Means of Inhibitory Control and "Theory of Mind"
Buhler, Eva; Bachmann, Christian; Goyert, Hannah; Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Monika; Kamp-Becker, Inge
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n12 p1718-1726 Dec 2011
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) are both associated with deficits in executive control and with problems in social contexts. This study analyses the variables inhibitory control and theory of mind (ToM), including a developmental aspect in the case of the latter, to differentiate between the disorders. Participants with an ASD (N = 86), an ADHD (N = 84) and with both disorders (N = 52) in the age range of 5-22 years were compared. Results were differences in inhibitory control (ADHD less than ASD) and in the ToM performance among younger (ASD less than ADHD) but not among older children. We discuss whether common deficits in ToM differ in the developmental course.
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Control, Social Behavior, Inhibition, Children, Adolescents, Young Adults, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A