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ERIC Number: EJ946673
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 132
ISSN: ISSN-1040-726X
Distributed Cognition as a Lens to Understand the Effects of Scaffolds: The Role of Transfer of Responsibility
Belland, Brian R.
Educational Psychology Review, v23 n4 p577-600 Dec 2011
Problem solving is an important skill in the knowledge economy. Research indicates that the development of problem solving skills works better in the context of instructional approaches centered on real-world problems. But students need scaffolding to be successful in such instruction. In this paper I present a conceptual framework for understanding the effects of scaffolding. First, I discuss the ultimate goal of scaffolding--the transfer of responsibility--and one way that scholars have conceptualized promoting this outcome (fading). Next, I describe an alternative way to conceptualize transfer of responsibility through the lens of distributed cognition and discuss how this lens informs how to promote transfer of responsibility. Then I propose guidelines for the creation of problem solving scaffolds to support transfer of responsibility and discuss them in light of the literature. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A