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ERIC Number: EJ946512
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0738-0593
Joint Analysis of Preschool Attendance and School Performance in the Short and Long-Run
Aguilar, Renato; Tansini, Ruben
International Journal of Educational Development, v32 n2 p224-231 Mar 2012
This paper aims at explaining the academic performance of a sample of children starting their first year at public schools in Montevideo, Uruguay, during 1999. We are mainly interested in the effect of pre-school education on the children's academic results. Previous probit and OLS estimations suggested that pre-school education has a positive impact on short and long term school performance. However, these results could be biased because a rather strong endogeinity of the pre-school education variable. We solved the problem by bivariate probit and treatment effects estimations. The results confirmed the bias and suggest that our previous estimations underestimated the positive effect of pre-school educations. Thus, we found fairly strong empirical evidence to suggest that having pre-school education has a short term positive effect on these children's results in the first year at school, and the long-term effect, after six years, seems to be somewhat weaker but is still positive. We also found several other factors connected with schools and with households that might lie behind children's short-term and long-term performance. It is important to note that, in the long-run, we found that a variable reflecting the general performance of the school had a strong effect on the academic performance after six year. (Contains 6 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Uruguay