ERIC Number: EJ946258
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
Women and Higher Education in Iran: What Are the Implications for Employment and the "Marriage Market"?
Rezai-Rashti, Goli M.; Moghadam, Valentine M.
International Review of Education, v57 n3-4 p419-441 Aug 2011
In contemporary Iran, women with higher education face both gender discrimination and an unfavourable economic system, one that is not conducive to employment-generation for women. This paper provides an analysis of women's access to higher education in Iran, which has varied over the last 30 years, and their continuously limited participation in the job market. Based on qualitative field research, this paper includes the voices of individual women, discussing their experience of higher education and factors they think are contributing to their limited choice of employment. The paper suggests that while the recent trend in negotiating "mehrieh" (a nuptial gift which is payable by the groom to the bride) has been a strategy employed by Iranian women to overcome some of the discriminatory laws they are subject to, this trend cannot actually be explained by the fact that women's employment opportunities are limited. The paper concludes by asserting that limited labour force participation for educated women is a consequence of both political economy and gender ideology. (Contains 9 tables and 21 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Females, Labor Market, Foreign Countries, Employment Opportunities, Gender Discrimination, Access to Education, Qualitative Research, Educational Experience, Marriage, Political Influences, Gender Issues, Educational Attainment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran