ERIC Number: EJ946243
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
Positive Illusions in Adolescents: The Relationship between Academic Self-Enhancement and Depressive Symptomatology
Noble, Rick N.; Heath, Nancy L.; Toste, Jessica R.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v42 n6 p650-665 Dec 2011
Positive illusions are systematically inflated self-perceptions of competence, and are frequently seen in areas of great difficulty. Although these illusions have been extensively documented in children and adults, their role in typical adolescent emotion regulation is unclear. This study investigated the relationship between positive illusions, depressive symptomatology, and school stress in a sample of 71 school-based adolescents. Findings revealed that adolescents who were achieving slightly below average in math significantly overestimated their performance, but adolescents did not overestimate their performance in spelling. Positive illusions in math were negatively related to depressive symptomatology. Implications for positive illusions theory are discussed.
Descriptors: Self Concept, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Correlation, Academic Ability, Self Control, Stress Variables, Mathematics Achievement, Low Achievement, Spelling
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A