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ERIC Number: EJ946101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
Effects of Cram Schooling on Mathematics Performance: Evidence from Junior High Students in Taiwan
Kuan, Ping-Yin
Comparative Education Review, v55 n3 p342-368 Aug 2011
Cram schooling is believed by students and their parents to have positive effects on learning achievement in Taiwan. Using two waves of panel data gathered by the Taiwan Education Panel Study (TEPS) in 2001 and 2003 and the method of propensity score matching (PSM), the present research found that the average treatment effect for participants of mathematics cramming programs is fairly small. Moreover, the PSM analysis revealed that propensity to attend cram school, higher parental education level, and prior mathematics ability are all negatively related to effects of mathematics cramming. (Contains 22 footnotes and 4 tables.)
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan