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ERIC Number: EJ945907
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9010
Feedback and the Rationing of Time and Effort among Competing Tasks
Northcraft, Gregory B.; Schmidt, Aaron M.; Ashford, Susan J.
Journal of Applied Psychology, v96 n5 p1076-1086 Sep 2011
The study described here tested a model of how characteristics of the feedback environment influence the allocation of resources (time and effort) among competing tasks. Results demonstrated that performers invest more resources on tasks for which higher quality (more timely and more specific) feedback is available; this effect was partially mediated by task salience and task expectancies. Feedback timing and feedback specificity demonstrated both main and interaction effects on resource allocations. Results also demonstrated that performers do better on tasks for which higher quality feedback is available; this effect was mediated by resources allocated to tasks. The practical and theoretical implications of the role of the feedback environment in managing performance are discussed. (Contains 4 footnotes, 5 tables, and 4 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A