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ERIC Number: EJ945897
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0030-9230
From Feeble-Minded to Mentally Retarded: Child Protection and the Changing Place of Disabled Children in the Mid-Twentieth Century United States
Grossberg, Michael
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v47 n6 p729-747 2011
American attitudes and policies toward children with disabilities changed significantly between the 1920s and the 1950s. Drawn from a larger study of the history of child protection in the United States, I argue that a redefinition of disabled children occurred in this era. Earlier fears that feeble-minded children posed a menace to American society gave way to new anxieties that mentally retarded children placed undue strains on individual families. Both concerns encouraged the segregation and often the institutionalisation of such children, but within very different class, family, medical and policy contexts and with very different results. These developments are best understood by connecting together the emerging histories of childhood and disability through the concept of policy drift. (Contains 43 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A