ERIC Number: EJ945659
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 90
Haptic Distal Spatial Perception Mediated by Strings: Haptic "Looming"
Cabe, Patrick A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v37 n5 p1492-1511 Oct 2011
Five experiments tested a haptic analog of optical looming, demonstrating string-mediated haptic distal spatial perception. Horizontally collinear hooks supported a weighted string held taut by a blindfolded participant's finger midway between the hooks. At the finger, the angle between string segments increased as the finger approached collinearity with the hooks, just as the optical angle subtended by an approaching object increases. The vertical force component at the finger is potentially informative for perception, approaching zero at finger-hook collinearity. In Experiment 1, participants judged hook height reasonably accurately. To retain force relationships but eliminate immediate skin contact, Experiment 2 employed a hand-held rod; results replicated those of Experiment 1. Experiment 3 replicated Experiment 2 using a ring instead of a rod. In all three experiments, estimated hook height closely paralleled actual height, r greater than 0.9. Experiments 4 and 5 showed that participants could project impending finger-hook collinearity when finger contact with the string was interrupted during its traverse. Perceivers' estimate errors were nearly perfectly predicted by height-force ratio relationships (Rs greater than 0.96). Outcomes are related to optical and acoustic looming, dynamic touch, tau theory, and Gibsonian perceptual theory. (Contains 6 figures and 1 footnote.)
Descriptors: Tactual Perception, Spatial Ability, Accuracy, Undergraduate Students, Physics, Evaluative Thinking
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina