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ERIC Number: EJ945652
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Attention Misplaced: The Role of Diagnostic Features in the Face-Inversion Effect
Hills, Peter J.; Ross, David A.; Lewis, Michael B.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v37 n5 p1396-1406 Oct 2011
Inversion disproportionately impairs recognition of face stimuli compared to nonface stimuli arguably due to the holistic manner in which faces are processed. A qualification is put forward in which the first point fixated on is different for upright and inverted faces and this carries some of the face-inversion effect. Three experiments explored this possibility by using fixation crosses to guide attention to the eye or mouth region of the to-be-presented faces in different orientations. Recognition was better when the fixation cross appeared at the eye region than at the mouth region. The face-inversion effect was smaller when the eyes were cued than when the mouth was cued or when there was no cueing. The results suggest that the first facial feature attended to is important for accurate face recognition and this may carry some of the effects of inversion. (Contains 8 footnotes, 2 tables and 4 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A