ERIC Number: EJ945529
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
School Finance Reform: Do Equalized Expenditures Imply Equalized Teacher Salaries?
Streams, Meg; Butler, J. S.; Cowen, Joshua; Fowles, Jacob; Toma, Eugenia F.
Education Finance and Policy, v6 n4 p508-536 Fall 2011
Kentucky is a poor, relatively rural state that contrasts greatly with the relatively urban and wealthy states typically the subject of education studies employing large-scale administrative data. For this reason, Kentucky's experience of major school finance and curricular reform is highly salient for understanding teacher labor market dynamics. This study examines the time path of teacher salaries in Appalachian and non-Appalachian Kentucky using a novel teacher-level administrative data set. Our results suggest that the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) provided a salary boost for all Appalachian teachers, resulting in a wage premium for teachers of low and medium experience and equalizing pay across Appalachian and non-Appalachian districts for teachers of high experience. However, we find that Appalachian salaries fell back to the level of non-Appalachian teachers roughly a decade following reform, at which point the pre-KERA remuneration patterns re-emerge.
Descriptors: Teacher Salaries, Rural Schools, Finance Reform, Educational Finance, Labor Market, Educational Change, Educational Equity (Finance), State Legislation, Teaching Experience, Poverty, Salary Wage Differentials
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky