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ERIC Number: EJ945339
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
The Strategic Nature of False Recognition in the DRM Paradigm
Miller, Michael B.; Guerin, Scott A.; Wolford, George L.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v37 n5 p1228-1235 Sep 2011
The false memory effect produced by the Deese/Roediger & McDermott (DRM) paradigm is reportedly impervious to warnings to avoid false alarming to the critical lures (D. A. Gallo, H. L. Roediger III, & K. B. McDermott, 2001). This finding has been used as strong evidence against models that attribute the false alarms to a decision process (e.g., M. B. Miller & G. L. Wolford, 1999). In this report, the authors clarify their earlier article and suggest that subjects establish only 2 underlying criteria for a recognition judgment, a liberal criterion for items that seem to be related to 1 of the study list themes and a conservative criterion for items that do not seem to be related. They demonstrate that warnings designed on the basis of these underlying criteria are effective in significantly suppressing the false recognition effect, suggesting that strategic control of the retrieval response does play a role in the DRM paradigm. (Contains 1 table and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California