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ERIC Number: EJ945298
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 70
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0167
Development and Initial Validation of the Inventory of Microaggressions against Black Individuals
Mercer, Sterett H.; Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Wallace, Marion; Hayes, DeMarquis M.
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v58 n4 p457-469 Oct 2011
The present article describes the development and initial validation of the Inventory of Microaggressions Against Black Individuals (IMABI) using a sample of 385 undergraduates who self-identified as Black or African American. The IMABI is a 14-item, unidimensional measure of racial microaggressions that captures both microinsults and microinvalidations. The present findings support the IMABI as a reliable and valid measure of microaggressions that was associated with general distress and perceived stress. Importantly, the association between the IMABI and psychological adjustment persisted even when social desirability and another measure of race-related stress were included in the analyses. Discussion focuses on the potential implications of the IMABI for understanding the daily experiences and psychological adjustment of Black individuals. (Contains 3 tables and 2 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Brief Symptom Inventory