NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ945204
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 8
ISSN: ISSN-0734-2829
Test Review: D. D. Hammill & S. C. Larsen "Test of Written Language-Fourth Edition." (TOWL-4). Austin, TX--PRO-ED, 2009
McCrimmon, Adam W.; Climie, Emma A.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v29 n6 p592-596 Dec 2011
This article presents a review of the "Test of Written Language-Fourth Edition" (TOWL-4), a newly updated individual or group-based measure of written language for students aged 9 years, 0 months through 17 years, 11 months. The stated purposes of the measure are to identify students in need of support or intervention in the area of written language, identify strengths and weaknesses in students' writing abilities, document progress resulting from written language interventions, and provide measurement in written language research. The TOWL-4 consists of seven subtests that combine to form two composites (Contrived Writing and Spontaneous Writing) and an Overall Writing score. Contrived Writing tasks focus on discrete aspects of written discourse (e.g., spelling, punctuation, word usage) whereas Spontaneous Writing tasks examine an individual's functional writing ability (i.e., quality). Scaled scores and percentiles are provided for subtests and composites, and scoring parameters for each subtest are provided in the Examiner's Manual. The TOWL-4 is an effective stand-alone measure of written expression in children and adolescents. The evaluation of both the contrived and spontaneous aspects of writing in one cohesive measure is particularly praiseworthy. However, the lack of Canadian norms may be a factor for use in that geographic region. Overall, the authors have produced a commendable tool with appropriate and adequate psychometric properties that will likely prove beneficial to school psychologists and other classroom personnel.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada