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ERIC Number: EJ945147
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Updating Working Memory and Arithmetical Attainment in School
Iuculano, Teresa; Moro, Raffaella; Butterworth, Brian
Learning and Individual Differences, v21 n6 p655-661 Dec 2011
Here we wished to determine how the sub-components of Working Memory (Phonological-Loop and Central Executive) influence children's arithmetical development. Specifically, we aimed at distinguishing between Working Memory inhibition and updating processes within the Central Executive, and the domain-specificity (words and numbers) of both subcomponents in a population of children with low attainment in arithmetic and their age matched typically-attaining controls. We show that both groups were similar for phonological loop abilities, while Working Memory updating demonstrated a domain-specific modulation related to the level of children's arithmetical performance. Moreover, inhibition processes interacted with domain-specificity and arithmetical attainment. These results are particularly relevant to the diagnostic assessment of arithmetical ability and should be considered in existing tests of arithmetical development. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A