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ERIC Number: EJ945139
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Prediction of Self-Reported Knowledge with Over-Claiming, Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence and Typical Intellectual Engagement
Hulur, Gizem; Wilhelm, Oliver; Schipolowski, Stefan
Learning and Individual Differences, v21 n6 p742-746 Dec 2011
We investigated the usefulness of the Over-Claiming Questionnaire (OCQ) as a measure of cognitive abilities. In OCQs respondents are asked to rate their familiarity with items of academic or everyday knowledge (Paulhus, Harms, Bruce, & Lysy, 2003). Some items exist in reality ("reals"), and others do not ("foils"). We developed four OCQs, each consisting of 40 "reals" and 8 "foils" from the domains of Science, Humanities and Civics. The OCQs were administered in a longitudinal rotation design to 112 participants who attended the 9th school grade at the beginning of the study. In latent variable regression analyses 53% of variation in the "reals" could be explained by fluid and crystallized intelligence and over-claiming as indicated by responses to "foils". Further variation in responses to "reals" and "foils" was explained by intellectual engagement. Our results show that self-reported knowledge, although positively related to measures of ability, to a large extent reflects over-claiming. (Contains 2 figures and 4 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A