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ERIC Number: EJ945133
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6080
Dangerous Mindsets: How Beliefs about Intelligence Predict Motivational Change
Haimovitz, Kyla; Wormington, Stephanie V.; Corpus, Jennifer Henderlong
Learning and Individual Differences, v21 n6 p747-752 Dec 2011
The present study examined how beliefs about intelligence, as mediated by ability-validation goals, predicted whether students lost or maintained levels of intrinsic motivation over the course of a single academic year. 978 third- through eighth-grade students were surveyed in the fall about their theories concerning the malleability of intelligence, need to validate their academic ability through schoolwork, and intrinsic motivation. At the end of the school year, they were surveyed again about their intrinsic motivation and subsequently characterized as either decliners (those who lost intrinsic motivation over the year) or maintainers (those who maintained or gained intrinsic motivation over the year). As predicted, decliners were more likely to endorse an entity theory of intelligence than maintainers and this relationship was fully mediated by the adoption of ability-validation goals. Implications for intervention efforts and future research are discussed. (Contains 2 figures and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 3; Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A