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ERIC Number: EJ945127
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0277
When Help Becomes Hindrance: Unexpected Errors of Omission and Commission in Eyewitness Memory Resulting from Change Temporal Order at Retrieval?
Dando, Coral J.; Ormerod, Thomas C.; Wilcock, Rachel; Milne, Rebecca
Cognition, v121 n3 p416-421 Dec 2011
An experimental mock eyewitness study is reported that compared Free and reverse order recall of an empirically informed scripted crime event. Proponents of reverse order recall suggest it facilitates recovery of script incidental information and increases the total amount of information recalled. However, compared with free recall it was found to impair overall retrieval performance, resulting in fewer script consistent events, reduced recall of correct information, increased confabulations, and lowered accuracy proportional to items retrieved. The disruptive effects of reverse order are interpreted as providing evidence for the role of temporal clustering in guiding retrieval. Impairment induced by reverse order continued to influence retrieval negatively even during a secondary free recall phase suggesting it encourages confabulations. The results indicate that the technique should be used with caution, and only when retrieval by free recall has been exhausted. (Contains 3 tables, 1 figure, 1 supplementary video and 1 supplementary data.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A