ERIC Number: EJ944810
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 71
Influence of Gender on the Supervisory Relationship: A Review of the Empirical Research from 1996 to 2010
Hindes, Yvonne L.; Andrews, Jac J. W.
Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, v45 n3 p240-261 2011
Twelve empirical studies published since 1996 regarding the effects of gender on the supervisory relationship are reviewed. Each study was reviewed and critiqued in relation to its methodology, research design, critical findings, and limitations. The results of these studies indicate that (a) gender influences the openness and affiliation one experiences in supervision, (b) care and concern are important to master-level supervisees, (c) female supervisors have a greater relationship focus than do male supervisors, (d) male supervisors rate hypothetical supervisees more negatively when the supervisee is depicted as female than when the supervisee is male, (e) females are more conservative than males on boundary negotiations, and (f) supervisors use different strategies with male and female supervisees. The majority of these studies have research design limitations that limit the generalization of findings. Results are discussed in relation to best practices and future directions for research.
Descriptors: Research Design, Supervisor Supervisee Relationship, Counselor Training, Gender Differences, Criticism, Generalization, Best Practices, Research Methodology, Masters Degrees, Clinical Experience, Counseling
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A