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ERIC Number: EJ944805
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Enhancing Speech Discrimination through Stimulus Repetition
Holt, Rachael Frush
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v54 n5 p1431-1447 Oct 2011
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of sequential and alternating repetition on speech-sound discrimination. Method: Typically hearing adults' discrimination of 3 pairs of speech-sound contrasts was assessed at 3 signal-to-noise ratios using the change/no-change procedure. On change trials, the standard and comparison stimuli differ; on no-change trials, they are identical. Listeners were presented with 5 repetition conditions: 2 and 4 sequential repetitions of the standard followed by sequential repetitions of the comparison; 2 and 4 alternating presentations of the standard and comparison; and 1 repetition of the standard and comparison. Results: Both sequential and alternating repetition improved discrimination of the fricative and liquid contrasts, but neither was clearly superior to the other across the conditions. Conclusions: The results support previous findings that increasing the number of fricative and liquid stimulus presentations improves discriminability and extends the findings to natural speech stimuli. Further, the effect of repetition is robust: Both sequential and alternating repetitions improve speech-sound discrimination, and few differences emerge between the two types of stimulus repetitions. The results have implications for evaluating the strength of the internal representation of speech stimuli in clinical populations believed to have a core deficit in phonological encoding, such as children with hearing loss.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://jslhr.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A