ERIC Number: EJ944727
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 111
Facing Multiculturalism's Challenges in Korean Education and Society
Olneck, Michael R.
Asia Pacific Education Review, v12 n4 p675-690 Dec 2011
Multicultural policy in South Korea faces variants of challenges endemic to multiculturalism. These challenges are "dilemmas of difference," "variable terms of inclusion," and "legitimacy." In Korea, these challenges arise in a setting in which ethnic diversity is of relatively recent origin, an ideology of ethnic homogeneity is prevalent, and official multicultural policy is limited in its reach to those who are designated as "multicultural families," that is families in which one spouse is Korean and the other an immigrant, usually the wife, and their offspring. The exclusion of migrant workers and their families from Korea's multicultural framework poses a core contradiction in Korean multicultural policies. This contradiction must be resolved if multiculturalism in education and other spheres is to promote equality and provide a foundation for national integration on terms that are equitable to the diverse constituents of Korean society. Inevitably, this will require a redefinition of what it means to "be Korean." Even if multicultural policies fall short in their immediate effects on those toward whom they are directed, multiculturalism represents a significant shift in the discourse of Korean identity and will be terrain on which the status of diverse groups in Korea will be contested.
Descriptors: Korean Culture, Migrant Workers, Cultural Pluralism, Foreign Countries, Public Policy, Immigrants, Spouses, Self Concept, Social Isolation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea