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ERIC Number: EJ944493
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jan
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0890-8567
Lower "N"-Acetyl-Aspartate Levels in Prefrontal Cortices in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder: A (Superscript 1]H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study
Caetano, Sheila C.; Olvera, Rene L.; Hatch, John P.; Sanches, Marsal; Chen, Hua Hsuan; Nicoletti, Mark; Stanley, Jeffrey A.; Fonseca, Manoela; Hunter, Kristina; Lafer, Beny; Pliszka, Steven R.; Soares, Jair C.
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, v50 n1 p85-94 Jan 2011
Objective: The few studies applying single-voxel [superscript 1]H spectroscopy in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder (BD) have reported low "N"-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) levels in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), and high myo-inositol/phosphocreatine plus creatine (PCr+Cr) ratios in the anterior cingulate. The aim of this study was to evaluate NAA, glycerophosphocholine plus phosphocholine (GPC+PC) and PCr+Cr in various frontal cortical areas in children and adolescents with BD. We hypothesized that NAA levels within the prefrontal cortex are lower in BD patients than in healthy controls, indicating neurodevelopmental alterations in the former. Method: We studied 43 pediatric patients with "DSM-IV" BD (19 female, mean age 13.2 plus or minus 2.9 years) and 38 healthy controls (19 female, mean age 13.9 plus or minus 2.7 years). We conducted multivoxel in vivo [superscript 1]H spectroscopy measurements at 1.5 Tesla using a long echo time of 272 ms to obtain bilateral metabolite levels from the medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), DLPFC (white and gray matter), cingulate (anterior and posterior), and occipital lobes. We used the nonparametric Mann-Whitney "U" test to compare neurochemical levels between groups. Results: In pediatric BD patients, NAA and GPC+PC levels in the bilateral MPFC, and PCr+Cr levels in the left MPFC were lower than those seen in the controls. In the left DLPFC white matter, levels of NAA and PCr+Cr were also lower in BD patients than in controls. Conclusions: Lower NAA and PCr+Cr levels in the PFC of children and adolescents with BD may be indicative of abnormal dendritic arborization and neuropil, suggesting neurodevelopmental abnormalities. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A