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ERIC Number: EJ944367
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0022-166X
Motherhood and Female Labor Supply in the Developing World: Evidence from Infertility Shocks
Aguero, Jorge M.; Marks, Mindy S.
Journal of Human Resources, v46 n4 p800-826 Fall 2011
We introduce a new instrument for family size, infertility, to investigate the causal relationship between children and female labor force participation. Infertility mimics an experiment where nature assigns an upper bound for family size, independent of a woman's background. This new instrument allows us to investigate the differential labor supply without restrictions on initial family size. Using the Demographic and Health Surveys from 26 developing countries we show that OLS estimates are biased upward. We find that the presence of children affects neither the likelihood of work nor its intensity, but impacts the type of work a woman pursues. (Contains 10 tables, 1 figure, and 14 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A