ERIC Number: EJ944347
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
Expanding Exposure: Can Increasing the Daily Duration of Head Start Reduce Childhood Obesity?
Frisvold, David E.; Lumeng, Julie C.
Journal of Human Resources, v46 n2 p373-402 Spr 2011
Coinciding with the work requirements of welfare reform in the mid-1990s, the early childhood education program, Head Start, significantly expanded to increase the availability of full-day classes. Using unique administrative data, we examine the effect of full-day compared to half-day attendance on childhood obesity. This effect is identified from changes in obesity over time and from the elimination of a state-provided full-day expansion grant that decreased the supply of full-day classes. Our results suggest that full-day Head Start attendance significantly reduces the proportion of obese children at the end of the academic year. (Contains 6 tables, 3 figures and 17 footnotes.)
Descriptors: Obesity, Early Childhood Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Children, Welfare Services, Attendance, Grants, Scheduling, Physical Activities, Nutrition, Program Descriptions, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A