ERIC Number: EJ944215
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
Music and Video as Distractors for Boys with ADHD in the Classroom: Comparison with Controls, Individual Differences, and Medication Effects
Pelham, William E.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Hoza, Betsy; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Greiner, Andrew R.; Sams, Susan E.; Vallano, Gary; Majumdar, Antara; Carter, Randy L.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n8 p1085-1098 Nov 2011
This study examined the effects of music and video on the classroom behavior and performance of boys with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and examined the effects of 0.3 mg/kg methylphenidate (MPH). In one study, 41 boys with ADHD and 26 controls worked in the presence of no distractor, music, or video. Video produced significant distraction, particularly for the boys with ADHD, and MPH improved the performance of boys with ADHD across distractor conditions.There were individual differences in response to the music such that some boys were adversely affected and others benefited relative to no-distractor.In a second study, music and MPH were assessed in an additional 86 boys with ADHD to examine further the music results. In the presence or absence of music, MPH improved performance relative to placebo. Similar individual differences were found as in Experiment 1.
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Video Technology, Student Behavior, Music, Program Effectiveness, Males, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups, Individual Differences, Drug Therapy, Behavior Change, Classroom Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A