ERIC Number: EJ944130
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
Behavior Problems at 5 Years of Age and Maternal Mental Health in Autism and Intellectual Disability
Totsika, Vasiliki; Hastings, Richard P.; Emerson, Eric; Berridge, Damon M.; Lancaster, Gillian A.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n8 p1137-1147 Nov 2011
We examined child behavior problems and maternal mental health in a British population-representative sample of 5 year-old children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), controlling for the presence of an intellectual disability (ID). Behavior problems were significantly higher in children with ASD with/out ID compared to typically developing children, but compared to children with ID only hyperactivity was significantly higher in children with ASD/ID. After controlling for ID and maternal mental health, the presence of ASD significantly increased the odds for hyperactivity, conduct problems and emotional symptoms. Negative maternal outcomes (serious mental illness, psychological distress, and physical health limitations) were not consistently elevated in ASD. The findings highlight the early age at which behavior problems emerge in ASD, and suggest that at this age , there may not be a clear disadvantage for maternal mental health associated with having a child with ASD in the family, over and above that conferred by child behavior problems.
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mental Retardation, Autism, Mental Disorders, Physical Health, Hyperactivity, Mental Health, Child Behavior, Mothers, Foreign Countries, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Disturbances, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom