ERIC Number: EJ944051
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 72
Stress Generation and Adolescent Depression: Contribution of Interpersonal Stress Responses
Flynn, Megan; Rudolph, Karen D.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n8 p1187-1198 Nov 2011
This research examined the proposal that ineffective responses to common interpersonal problems disrupt youths' relationships, which, in turn, contributes to depression during adolescence. Youth (86 girls, 81 boys; M age = 12.41, SD = 1.19) and their primary female caregivers participated in a three-wave longitudinal study. Youth completed a measure assessing interpersonal stress responses; youth and caregivers completed semi-structured interviews assessing youths' life stress and psychopathology. Consistent with the hypothesized model, ineffective stress responses (low levels of effortful engagement, high levels of involuntary engagement and disengagement) predicted the generation of subsequent interpersonal stress, which partially accounted for the association between stress responses and depression over time. Moreover, results revealed that self-generated interpersonal, but not noninterpersonal stress, predicted depression, and that this explanatory model was specific to the prediction of depression but not anxiety. This research builds on interpersonal stress generation models of depression, and highlights the importance of implementing depression-focused intervention programs that promote effective stress responses and adaptive interpersonal relationships during adolescence.
Descriptors: Intervention, Caregivers, Psychopathology, Adolescents, Interviews, Depression (Psychology), Interpersonal Relationship, Stress Variables, Longitudinal Studies, Measures (Individuals), Models, Prediction, Anxiety
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A