ERIC Number: EJ944048
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
External Validation of Bifactor Model of ADHD: Explaining Heterogeneity in Psychiatric Comorbidity, Cognitive Control, and Personality Trait Profiles within DSM-IV ADHD
Martel, Michelle M.; Roberts, Bethan; Gremillion, Monica; von Eye, Alexander; Nigg, Joel T.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n8 p1111-1123 Nov 2011
The current paper provides external validation of the bifactor model of ADHD by examining associations between ADHD latent factor/profile scores and external validation indices. 548 children (321 boys; 302 with ADHD), 6 to 18 years old, recruited from the community participated in a comprehensive diagnostic procedure. Mothers completed the Child Behavior Checklist, Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire, and California Q-Sort. Children completed the Stop and Trail-Making Task. Specific inattention was associated with depression/withdrawal, slower cognitive task performance, introversion, agreeableness, and high reactive control; specific hyperactivity-impulsivity was associated with rule-breaking/aggressive behavior, social problems, errors during set-shifting, extraversion, disagreeableness, and low reactive control. It is concluded that the bifactor model provides better explanation of heterogeneity within ADHD than DSM-IV ADHD symptom counts or subtypes.
Descriptors: Check Lists, Personality Traits, Aggression, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Early Adolescents, Child Behavior, Depression (Psychology), Validity, Correlation, Profiles, Scores, Children, Measures (Individuals), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Task Analysis, Withdrawal (Psychology), Males, Extraversion Introversion, Self Control, Questionnaires, Mother Attitudes, Personality, Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist