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ERIC Number: EJ944012
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
Influences of Constructivist-Oriented Nutrition Education on Urban Middle School Students' Nutrition Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Behaviors
McCaughtry, Nate; Fahlman, Mariane; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Shen, Bo
American Journal of Health Education, v42 n5 p276-285 Sep-Oct 2011
Background: Health professionals are looking to nutrition-based youth health interventions in K-12 schools to combat the growing obesity crisis; however, none have explored the influences of interventions guided by constructivist learning theory. Purpose: This study examined the influences of a constructivist-oriented nutrition education program on urban middle school students' nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy and behaviors. Methods: A quasi experimental design examined changes in middle schools students' (N = 1,476) nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy and behaviors, relative to a control group (N = 656), in response to a 6-lesson nutrition education intervention. Results: For dietary knowledge and self-efficacy, there were significant group and time main effects and group x time interactions. In addition, there were significant group and time main effects and a group x time interaction for the dietary behaviors related to consuming fruits, vegetables, meats and "other" food groups, but not dairy or grains. Discussion: The constructivist-oriented professional development, curriculum and instruction yielded significant changes in middle schools students' nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy and behaviors. Translation to Health Education Practice: Given the efficacy of the intervention curriculum and instruction, K-12 teachers are encouraged to implement similar high quality, theoretically grounded efforts. However, recommendations are made that additional focus be given to key items that proved resistant to change. (Contains 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A