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ERIC Number: EJ943986
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0012-1622
Neurofeedback in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Holtmann, Martin; Steiner, Sabina; Hohmann, Sarah; Poustka, Luise; Banaschewski, Tobias; Bolte, Sven
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, v53 n11 p986-993 Nov 2011
Aim: To review current studies on the effectiveness of neurofeedback as a method of treatment of the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Method: Studies were selected based on searches in PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, and CINAHL using combinations of the following keywords: "Neurofeedback" OR "EEG Biofeedback" OR "Neurotherapy" OR "Mu-Rhythm" OR "SMR" AND "Autism" OR "Autism Spectrum Disorder" OR "Pervasive Developmental Disorder". Results: The existing evidence does not support the use of neurofeedback in the treatment of ASD. Studies with outcomes in favour of neurofeedback might be showing an improvement in comorbid attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder symptoms rather than a true improvement in core ASD symptoms. Interpretation: Limitations of this review are those inherent in the studies available, including small sample size, short duration, variable diagnostic criteria, and insufficient control interventions, all causing a lack of generalizability.
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A