ERIC Number: EJ943773
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Race Preferences in Children: Insights from South Africa
Shutts, Kristin; Kinzler, Katherine D.; Katz, Rachel C.; Tredoux, Colin; Spelke, Elizabeth S.
Developmental Science, v14 n6 p1283-1291 Nov 2011
Minority-race children in North America and Europe often show less own-race favoritism than children of the majority (White) race, but the reasons for this asymmetry are unresolved. The present research tested South African children in order to probe the influences of group size, familiarity, and social status on children's race-based social preferences. We assessed South African children's preferences for members of their country's majority race (Blacks) compared to members of other groups, including Whites, who ruled South Africa until 1994 and who remain high in status. Black children (3-13 years) tested in a Black township preferred people of their own gender but not race. Moreover, Black, White, and multiracial children (4-9 years) tested in a racially diverse primary school showed in-group bias by gender but not by race: all favored people who were White. Relative familiarity and numerical majority/minority status therefore do not fully account for children's racial attitudes, which vary with the relative social status of different racial groups.
Descriptors: Blacks, Children, Race, Social Status, Racial Attitudes, Familiarity, Racial Identification, Foreign Countries, Multiracial Persons, Minority Groups, Group Dynamics, Social Influences, Whites, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa