ERIC Number: EJ943765
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Development of Neural Systems for Processing Social Exclusion from Childhood to Adolescence
Bolling, Danielle Z.; Pitskel, Naomi B.; Deen, Ben; Crowley, Michael J.; Mayes, Linda C.; Pelphrey, Kevin A.
Developmental Science, v14 n6 p1431-1444 Nov 2011
Adolescence is a period of development in which peer relationships become especially important. A computer-based game (Cyberball) has been used to explore the effects of social exclusion in adolescents and adults. The current functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study used Cyberball to extend prior work to the cross-sectional study of younger children and adolescents (7 to 17 years), identifying age-related changes in the neural correlates of social exclusion across the important transition from middle childhood into adolescence. Additionally, a control task illustrated the specificity of these age-related changes for social exclusion as distinct from expectancy violation more generally. During exclusion, activation in and functional connectivity between ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and ventral anterior cingulate cortex increased with age. These effects were specific to social exclusion and did not exist for expectancy violation. Our results illustrate developmental changes from middle childhood through adolescence in both affective and regulatory brain regions during social exclusion.
Descriptors: Brain, Social Isolation, Cognitive Processes, Neurological Organization, Children, Adolescents, Diagnostic Tests, Age Differences, Correlation, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Child Development, Affective Behavior, Adolescent Development, Social Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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