NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ943496
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2933
Slot Machine Preferences of Pathological and Recreational Gamblers Are Verbally Constructed
Dixon, Mark R.; Bihler, Holly L.; Nastally, Becky L.
Psychological Record, v61 n1 p93-111 Win 2011
The current study attempted to alter preferences for concurrently available slot machines of equal payout through the development of equivalence classes and subsequent transfers of functions. Participants rated stimuli consisting of words thought to be associated with having a gambling problem (e.g., "desperation" and "debt"), words associated with overcoming a gambling problem (e.g., "happiness" and "wealth"), and various colors according to level of "pleasantness." Next, participants alternated play between two simulated casinos, each containing two slot machines. Equivalence classes were formed between pleasantly and aversively rated stimuli, stimuli associated with the slot machines at each casino, and neutral color stimuli. Intermittent reexposure to the various casino and slot machine options demonstrated that preferences could be altered based on derived transfer of emotive functions via equivalence relations. (Contains 5 tables and 4 figures.)
Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Mailcode 4609, Rehabilitation Institute, Carbondale, IL 62901-4609. Tel: 618-536-7704; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A