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ERIC Number: EJ943488
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2933
Self-Reflection, Insight, and Individual Differences in Various Language Tasks
Xu, Xu
Psychological Record, v61 n1 p41-57 Win 2011
This study explored the relationships of self-reflection and insight with individuals' performances on various language tasks. The Self-Reflection and Insight Scale (SRIS; Grant, Franklin, & Langford, 2002) assessed individual differences in three factors: engagement in reflection, need for reflection, and insight. A high need for reflection was associated with a low vocabulary level and a small number of intrusive errors on a recognition task. A high level of insight was associated with a high accuracy rate and high response speed on a sentence-sensibility judgment task. In addition, groups who differed in need for reflection and insight did not differ on a working memory test, suggesting that need for reflection and insight account for the variation in the language tasks independent of working memory capacity. The findings suggest connections between self-reflection, insight, and proficiency in language processing. (Contains 2 tables.)
Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Mailcode 4609, Rehabilitation Institute, Carbondale, IL 62901-4609. Tel: 618-536-7704; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A