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ERIC Number: EJ943331
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1944-7515
Effect of Incorporating Adaptive Functioning Scores on the Prevalence of Intellectual Disability
Obi, Obianuju; Braun, Kim Van Naarden; Baio, Jon; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn; Devine, Owen; Yeargin-Allsopp, Marshalyn
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v116 n5 p360-370 Sep 2011
Surveillance and epidemiologic research on intellectual disability often do not incorporate adaptive functioning (AF) data. Exclusion of AF data leads to overestimation of the prevalence of intellectual disability, the extent of which is not known. In this study, the authors evaluated the effect of incorporating AF data on overall intellectual disability prevalence according to sociodemographic, economic, and severity characteristics. Between 2002 and 2006, the Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Surveillance Program identified 1,595 8-year-old children who met the study's intellectual disability surveillance-case definition of IQ [less than or equal to] 70. AF scores were not available for 9.2% of the case children, specifically those with mild intellectual disability and low socioeconomic backgrounds. Prevalence estimates showed few substantive changes when incorporating AF data. The authors conclude that use of IQ data alone appears to be appropriate for measuring population intellectual disability prevalence.
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia