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ERIC Number: EJ943325
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
ISSN: ISSN-0957-7572
What Pupils Can Learn from Working with Robotic Direct Manipulation Environments
Slangen, Lou; van Keulen, Hanno; Gravemeijer, Koeno
International Journal of Technology and Design Education, v21 n4 p449-469 Nov 2011
This study investigates what pupils aged 10-12 can learn from working with robots, assuming that understanding robotics is a sign of technological literacy. We conducted cognitive and conceptual analysis to develop a frame of reference for determining pupils' understanding of robotics. Four perspectives were distinguished with increasing sophistication; "psychological", "technological", "function", and "controlled system". Using Lego[R] Mindstorms[R] NXT robots, as an example of a Direct Manipulation Environment, we developed and conducted a lesson plan to investigate pupils' reasoning patterns. There is ample evidence that pupils have little difficulty in understanding that robots are man-made technological and functional artifacts. Pupils' understanding of the controlled system concept, more specifically the complex sense-reason-act loop that is characteristic of robotics, can be fostered by means of problem solving tasks. The results are discussed with respect to pupils' developing technological literacy and the possibilities for teaching and learning in primary education. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A