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ERIC Number: EJ943072
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 75
ISSN: ISSN-0011-1287
Parental Status and Punitiveness: Moderating Effects of Gender and Concern about Crime
Welch, Kelly
Crime & Delinquency, v57 n6 p878-906 Nov 2011
Previously identified predictors of public punitiveness include attitudinal, experiential, background, and demographic characteristics. Given the influence of parenthood on certain attitudes and beliefs, it may also affect how strongly individuals endorse harsh punishment for criminals. Few studies have explored how parenthood influences general policy preferences or support for criminal justice measures specifically, and findings have been mixed. The author estimated linear ordinary least squares regression equations, using national random telephone survey data, to test for direct effects of parenthood on measures of punitive attitudes toward juveniles and adults and overall. Two- and three-way interactions with gender and concern about crime were also estimated, and although the additive effects of parenthood on punitiveness were significant only for attitudes toward adult offenders, gender and concern about crime moderated its effects on punitive policy support, with fathers and parents for whom crime was less salient being more punitive. These findings suggest that research testing only linear influences may overlook more complex relationships. (Contains 4 tables, 1 figure and 10 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A