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ERIC Number: EJ942975
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0261-510X
The Development of Mental Models for Auditory Events: Relational Complexity and Discrimination of Pitch and Duration
Stevens, Catherine; Gallagher, Melinda
British Journal of Developmental Psychology, v22 n4 p569-583 Nov 2004
This experiment investigated relational complexity and relational shift in judgments of auditory patterns. Pitch and duration values were used to construct two-note perceptually similar sequences (unary relations) and four-note relationally similar sequences (binary relations). It was hypothesized that 5-, 8- and 11-year-old children would perform unary level pitch and duration discrimination tasks accurately. Relational shift predicted a poorer performance of the younger age groups on binary relation tasks; relational primacy predicted no effect of age. Accuracy was operationalized as a discrimination index (DI: hit rate minus false alarm rate). Results supported relational shift: DI for all age groups exceeded chance on unary and binary relation tasks, with significantly poorer performance by all age groups on binary relation tasks. The 5-years age group showed evidence of perceptual similarity. Relational complexity of auditory dimensions and tasks, and manipulation of domain specific musical knowledge in evaluating theories of relational processing, are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A